Diet for gastritis. What can you eat?

Diet for gastritis

Inflammation of the gastric mucosa is calledgastritis. It spares no one: no men, no women, no old men, no children. In today's fast-paced age with snacks on the run, stressful situations and an unstable environment, this disease is very common.

Regardless of the onset of the disease, thegastritis dietplays a major role in recovery.

Gastritis and its types

There are two forms of gastritis:acuteandchronic, which in turn are divided into different types. Acute gastritis develops in a few days or even hours. In this case, the patient feels pain in the upper abdomen, heartburn, nausea, vomiting.

Chronic gastritis develops over the years with occasional mild pain and stomach abnormalities. This gastritis is detected only by laboratory tests. There are also exacerbations of the chronic course of the disease.

Depending on the area of ​​mucosal lesions, the following types are distinguished:

  • catarrhal- inflammation on the surface of the mucosa;
  • erosive- inflammation of all layers of the mucosa;
  • phlegmonous- not only all layers of the mucosa are affected, but also the stomach tissues.

Pathology is also divided according to the mechanism of disease development:

  • atrophic- consequence of sluggish chronic gastritis;
  • autoimmune- occurs due to incompatibility of the immune system with the gastric mucosa;
  • hypertrophic- gastric mucosa grows, risk of oncology increases;
  • allergic- occurs in people with food allergies.

These are the most common types of gastritis, and in reality there are many more.

Diet for gastritis gastritis

Eating healthy gastritis helpsspeed recovery. By following tips and recommendations on diet you can avoid such unpleasant manifestations as heaviness in the stomach, heartburn, nausea, pain. Also, diet will help prevent the transition from an acute to a chronic form of the disease.

It is important to remember that good nutrition will stay with you for a lifetime. At first it is difficult to give up the usual but harmful dishes, but then one gets used to it.

As the disease progresses, it is important to know not only what to eat, but also how to do it. The following rules must be followed:

  • Fractional food - eat a little 5-6 times a day. This will prevent overeating and the stomach will function normally.
  • Take 3-4 hour breaks between meals.
  • You should eat at the same time.
  • Breakfast should be full and not limited to a glass of juice or tea.
  • You can eat 3 hours before bed.
  • Food should be chewed well, which can ease the stomach.
  • Have hot soup for lunch or dinner.
  • Stop eating on the go and dry.
  • Drink water half an hour after a meal, so as not to dilute the gastric juice and thus harm the normal digestive process.
  • Stop drinking or significantly limit your use of coffee, alcohol, carbonated beverages, as well as fatty and fried foods.
  • Smoking cessation is recommended.
  • It is important to eat only fresh produce, properly prepare ready meals.

You should switch to the new diet gradually. By getting used to such a diet over time, the desire for unhealthy food will disappear and the health condition will noticeably improve.

Diet for gastritis, what can you eat?

The diet for any gastritis is usuallyfrugal. An individual diet is prescribed for each type of pathology. But with any gastritis, food is released that is not only possible, but also necessary. The most useful dishes for gastritis are presented on the following list:

  • Porridge. The healthiest dish for a troubled stomach for breakfast. Oatmeal and buckwheat porridge are considered the best - they need to be cooked for a long time in milk or dairy products diluted with water.
  • Bread and toast. You can’t eat rye and freshly baked bread - they badly affect the lining of the stomach. It is better to use wheat toast softened in tea with milk or stale white bread, which can be eaten for lunch.
  • Potatoes. Most useful for gastritis in the form of mashed potatoes or in a simple cooked form. The puree covers the walls of the stomach and prevents the gastric juice from eating them. You can't eat fried potatoes and french fries - they negatively affect the mucous membrane.
  • Soups. I can't cook in a rich meat soup. If you do not want to eat vegetable soups, take only chicken or beef soup, at the same time very diluted. Don’t season them with flavor enhancer spices, use only warm soup, not hot.
  • Meat. You can eat it, but choose only low-fat varieties: veal, chicken, rabbit, beef. It is best to cook steamed meatballs, because as presented, the meat is finely chopped. Only cooked or steamed meat can also be eaten, only in small quantities and chewed well, because it increases the load on the stomach. Smoked meats, sausages and sausages should not be consumed categorically.
  • Fish. Low-fat marine fish varieties are allowed: sea giant, hake, cod and river fish: perch and pike. You can never eat canned fish and fried fish, they are of no use, and carcinogenic and harmful spices will only harm a sick stomach. It is better to steam the fish or cook it without excessive use of spices.
  • Fruit. You can eat bananas and watermelon in small quantities. The remaining species is best not to eat at all or to eat in small quantities.
  • Vegetables. You can cook carrots, cauliflower, beets. If the gastritis is chronic and in remission, you can eat fresh cucumbers peeled and grated.

For different types of gastritis and its course, certain foods are allowed or forbidden. What you can eat and what you should refrain from should be agreed with an expert.

Diet for acute gastritis

Gastritisworsens sharply, caused by short-term pathogenic effects on the gastric mucosa. It can also be caused by food poisoning, chemical intoxication or medications, and even overeating.

Decoction bar for gastritis

The diet for acute gastritisalso has a therapeutic function - it relieves the patient of symptoms such as pain, nausea and diarrhea. All patients should know what to eat with acute gastritis.

The following rules are followed here:

  1. On the first day, the patient should refuse food completely.But you should drink plenty of fluids, preferably warm. It can be sweet weak tea, mineral water without gas, decoction of rose hips.
  2. The next day you can eat thin, viscous soups of rice or oatmeal with a small lump of butter.In case of stable normal condition, it is recommended to eat liquid porridge of buckwheat or barley puree.

    Soups can be cooked in a weak meat or fish broth. Jelly from non-acidic berries or fruits is allowed.

  3. If appetite occurs, then the worsening of gastritis has passed, but the diet must still be followed.Furthermore, products that do not irritate the stomach walls are used in cooking. Cooking or steaming is recommended.

    From the third day of the diet, eggs and dairy products can be added to the diet. Boil eggs soft-boiled or in a bag.Dried bread for gastritisYou can eat low-fat cottage cheese, but in small quantities. It is allowed to drink milk and add a little butter to the dishes.

  4. From the second day the child is allowed to eat one piece of dried non-rye bread a day.Until the fifth day, it is allowed to add another piece. You can’t eat pastries and fresh bread, and crackers are also forbidden because they irritate the mucous membranes.
  5. Protein foods during exacerbations are allowed if the intestines are working normally.In case of constipation, you should limit yourself to vegetables, preferably with a laxative effect. If digestion is not disturbed, you can include meatballs, meatballs and steamed cutlets in your diet.

    Spices should be completely eliminated and salt limited. From the fifth day of illness, you can go to the usual table, but do not eat fried, spicy and fatty foods.

The diet with worsening gastritis does not allow the use of any alcoholic beverages, strong tea and coffee, carbonated liquids, yeast and cocoa. You can drink non-sour berry and dried fruit compotes.

The diet is extended from the 5th day if the symptoms are normal, and on the 10th day it is completely canceled.

High Acid Gastritis Diet

If gastritis takes place in the background of increased acidity, then it is important to eat so that the acidity is normalized and excludes the possibility of its increase.

Foods that increase acidity should be excluded here: spicy, sour, spices, chocolate, fatty soups, alcohol, fatty and fried foods, sour berries, fruits and herbs, legumes, dairy products and carbonated beverages.

You can eat the following foods that can normalize acidity:

  • Lean meat: beef, rabbit, skinless chicken.
  • Steamed fish or seafood: shrimp, crabs, crabs.
  • Cereals, vermicelli, from cereals you can use oatmeal, semolina, rice and buckwheat.
  • Soft-boiled eggsor steamed omelette.
  • From vegetables: carrots, potatoes, cauliflower, zucchini, peeled tomato, pumpkin, cabbage.
  • From berries: raspberries, strawberries, strawberries. Baked fruit, jam.

It is recommended to steam or cook dishes, limit or completely exclude spices and seasonings that increase the acidity of the stomach: vinegar, soy sauce, mustard. From the offered list of products, you can prepare delicious and varied dishes.

Chronic gastritis

Chronic gastritis is considered to be the most common disease of the digestive system. All food should be such that it does not irritate the gastric mucosa.

At the time of deterioration, the diet should bevery strict, and during remission it is allowed to eat foods that stimulate the secretion of gastric juice and hydrochloric acid: meat, fish soups and herring. Not only steam cooking or boiling is used, baking, frying is also allowed, but without breading. Many different foods are allowed.

In addition to those that can be used during exacerbations, you can eat the following in peacetime:

  • Steamed soups and cutlets, meatballs and meatballs and meatballs.
  • Vegetable stew and puree, fresh vegetables.
  • Porridge and cereal soups.
  • Steamed omelet and boiled egg.
  • Desserts, mousses, jellies and jellies made from non-sour berries and fruits.
  • Milk and fermented milk products.
  • Lightly dried white bread.
  • Decorations of herbs and rose hips, juices diluted with water, weak tea and lots of clean water.

It should be borne in mind that a diet for chronic gastritis is not a temporary phenomenon, but aproper dietthroughout life. Only then can you avoid moments of worsening of the disease and save yourself from the negative consequences.

Diet for erosive gastritis

The diet for erosive gastritisis ​​very strict. There is a lot of forbidden food here - almost nothing is allowed, as with the worsening of gastritis. But there are dishes whose use has a beneficial effect on the gastric mucosa. In this regard, the following products are distinguished:

  • Rusks and stale wheat bread.
  • Milk soups from mashed cereals: rice, buckwheat, semolina, oatmeal and pasta.
  • Omelet made from egg whites and milk.
  • Bananas, chopped.
  • Sour from berries, fruits, oatmeal.
  • Vegetable puree with low-fat soup of potatoes, cauliflower, carrots, beets.
  • The tea is not strong, a little sweetened.

It is useful to season food with butter or vegetable oil. Food should be pureed, tender and not hot.

Diet for atrophic gastritis

In this type of disease, the diet is prescribed strictly individually, depending on the degree of gastric damage. As with other species, everything spicy, sour and greasy is forbidden. If the disease has progressed to a chronic phase, then thediet for atrophic gastritislooks like this:

  • It is allowed to include lean meat, skinless fish and tendons in the diet.
  • Rice porridge, oatmeal and buckwheat, cooked in water or diluted milk.
  • Stewed, boiled, roasted cabbage, potatoes, zucchini, carrots.
  • Low fat cheese, cottage cheese and milk.
  • Herbal teas, jellies and sweet berry compotes.

With this type of gastritis, you cannot drink a lot of fluids, taking into account soups and tea, no more than 1. 5 liters are allowed. A strict diet reduces the load on the gastrointestinal tract, which improves the patient's condition.

Diet for any type of gastritis is an important component in the treatment of the disease. Proper nutrition speeds up recovery, and eating disorders cause worsening and worsening.