Diabetic diet menu

cooking for diabetes

For diabetics, diet plays a key role. It is very important to consume proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the right proportions. The menu for diabetics should contain the necessary amount of vitamins and fiber for the healthy functioning of the body. The basic rule of diet for diabetics is that the body must fully expend energy from food, without any deposits. Proper nutrition can normalize the body's metabolism and reduce blood sugar levels.

The main goal in the treatment of both types of diabetes is to reduce the risk of stroke, heart attack and other acute and recurrent diseases, as well as to maintain excellent health and resistance to colds and the flora that causes the disease. To achieve this, as a rule, a person must consider a fractional diet (5-6 times a day in small meals).

Principles of menu design

Diabetic menu is calculated based on the following criteria:

  • Age;
  • weight;
  • Lifestyle;
  • physical exercises.

It is recommended that you calculate with the help of an endocrinologist or nutritionist, he must know the history of your disease. The specialist adjusts the patient's diet based on his condition, body weight and individual body characteristics. For overweight diabetics it is necessary to replace carbohydrates and fats with vegetables, for underweight diabetics - to increase the calorie content of food consumed. In summer and spring, it is recommended to increase the diet of fruits and vegetables.

The following foods are not recommended for type 1 and type 2 diabetics:

  • pastries, pastries;
  • high-calorie desserts (cream, ice cream, etc. );
  • fat, pork (fatty meat);
  • alcoholic and tobacco products;
  • sugar (sweetener should be used);
  • canned food, sausages;
  • sour and salty vegetables;
  • fatty fish;
  • sweets.

Bitan!Sometimes doctors forbid diabetics from using diabetic products because the same sugar substitutes sometimes prevent the patient from losing weight.

What is the difference between a diet for type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

The main difference between type 1 diabetes mellitus is insulin intake. However, a proper and balanced diet is essential. Consumption of white bread, fruits with a high glycemic index, sweet juices and chocolate is allowed in small quantities, while in type 2 diabetes these foods are best avoided. If the patient is not obese, up to 50 g of sugar per day is allowed.

In type 2 diabetes, diet is a direct source of a healthy lifestyle. Normalization of the patient's body weight plays a key role. It is necessary to reduce the caloric content of foods, not their amount, in other words, adhere to a low-carbohydrate diet. Overload the digestive system with carbohydrates, blood glucose levels rise, and insulin cannot handle itself.

Table number 9

Table 9 is a specially formulated diet for people with diabetes. This diet is rich in healthy and tasty food for diabetics. Its essence lies in the exclusion of fast-carb foods and moderate-carb consumption in general. Due to the slow increase in blood glucose levels, a person feels full for a long time. It also has a positive effect on the pancreas.

food for diabetes

Dishes that can be included in the diet

Breakfast:

  • Fried eggs with pork breast.
  • Omelet with vegetables, omelet with meat products (without semi-finished products), if desired, you can rub the cheese into the omelet.
  • Boiled eggs, low-fat yogurt, cod liver.
  • Side dish of vegetables, hazelnuts or almonds, black or green tea (not sweet).

Dinner:

  • Pork (stewed) with herbs or cabbage.
  • Roast chicken with vegetable side dish.
  • Cooked meat with fresh vegetable salad.
  • Cooked or baked fish.
  • Pork steak, fresh vegetables or salad.
  • Homemade sausage with rye bread.
baked fish for diabetes

Snacks:

  • Almonds, hazelnuts or Brazil nuts.
  • Boiled eggs.
  • Cooked pork roast.
  • Hard cheese.
  • Avocado (quite expensive, but healthy).

If it’s time for a snack and you don’t have anything on hand, you can take raw eggs, which can be bought at the store.

Bitan!People diagnosed with type 1 and type 2 diabetes should keep a diet diary.

Principles of this diet:

  • fragmentation and regularity of food intake;
  • each portion of food should be the same in volume and calorie content;
  • permissible ratio of fat and carbohydrates;
  • sufficient intake of vitamins and minerals in the body;
  • mostly cooked, stewed or baked food.

Food and meals excluded from the diet:

  • smoked meat, spicy and fried foods;
  • sugar and sugar-containing foods;
  • thick soups and broths;
  • fermented milk products (fatty);
  • alcohol.

Dietary foods for type 1 diabetes

In type 1 diabetes mellitus, pancreatic cells are destroyed, and insulin deficiency is compensated by injections of insulin-containing drugs. It is important to control the dose and duration of insulin, as well as the amount of food consumed. Particular attention should be paid to units of bread (XE), 1 unit of XE = 10-12 g of carbohydrates. The daily norm should not exceed 25 XE, from which it follows that more than 4-5 XE should not be consumed in one meal. The number of units of bread consumed must be calculated in order to properly select the dose of insulin needed to digest food.

Food must be clearly balanced in chemical composition, include all the necessary vitamins and minerals. The approximate chemical composition looks like this: 100 g of protein, 80 g of fat, 450 g of carbohydrates. The energy value is approximately 2500 kcal.

The temperature of hot dishes should not exceed 60 ° C, and for salads and snacks - 15 ° C.

Bitan!Daily consumption of clean water should be at least 1, 5-2 liters.

hourly meals for diabetes mellitus

Approximate daily diet, taking into account insulin intake:

  • 8: 00 - mostly protein foods (eggs, cottage cheese, meat);
  • 8: 15 - taking insulin medication;
  • 9: 00 - food intake with carbohydrates (porridge, rye bread, potatoes);
  • 12: 00 - food containing carbohydrates (bread is allowed);
  • 14: 00 - lunch (without bread);
  • 17: 00 - taking insulin medication;
  • 18: 00 - food with carbohydrates (bread is allowed);
  • 20: 00 - food with carbohydrates.

Bitan!Failure to follow a diet in type 1 diabetes leads to hyperglycemic coma.

Dietary foods for type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is caused by being overweight. The body continues to produce insulin but is not active. With this diagnosis, patients can live for decades. It is very important to follow the diet, load the body with physical activity and bring the weight to the required norm. Meals are strictly partial, intervals should not be longer than 2-3 hours.

Approximate menu for a day with type 2 diabetes:

  • 7: 00 - breakfast: oatmeal in milk 200 g;
  • 9: 30 - lunch: 1-2 boiled eggs;
  • 13: 00 - lunch: vegetable borscht - 200 g, roasting of allowed meat - 70 g, 100 g of fresh vegetables, compote or natural juice of dried fruit - 200 ml, whole grain bread - 50 g;
  • 16: 00 - afternoon snack: 150 g casserole of cottage cheese;
  • 18: 00 - dinner: roasted or stewed fish with vegetables - 200 g;
  • 21: 00 - if you feel hungry, you can drink 250 ml of kefir.

Diet for gestational diabetes

Diet for gestational diabetes mellitus in pregnant women is almost the only method to maintain a normal blood sugar concentration, because the use of drugs will adversely affect the fetus. The essence of the diet is the elimination of fast carbohydrates.

What is diabetes during pregnancy

The diet should be varied, but balanced, so that the fetus receives as many different vitamins and minerals, necessary for its normal development. Under no circumstances should you go on a "starvation diet". Overeating is also prohibited due to the risk of getting hyperglycemia. Food should also be partial and clearly defined in terms of chemical composition. The basis should be protein foods-not less than 30-60%, fats are allowed up to 20-40%, complex carbohydrates are excluded. Meals should be divided into main meals and snacks.

Avoid switching to a low carb diet while breastfeeding. In the absence of edema and high blood pressure, clean water should be drunk at least 1, 5-2 liters per day.

Bitan!Blood glucose levels should be measured with a glucometer no later than 1-2 hours after a meal.

Prohibited products:

  • storage juices;
  • carbonated drinks;
  • baked sweets;
  • sugar and sweeteners;
  • all fast food (canned food, fast food);
  • semolina and rice porridge;
  • buns, white bread;
  • alcoholic beverages;
  • products containing cocoa;
  • meat and fish with high fat content.

Approximate menu in one day:

  • 8: 00 - breakfast: porridge made from acceptable cereals, black or green tea without sugar;
  • 10: 00 - lunch: rye or wholemeal bread with cheese, green apple;
  • 13: 00 - lunch: borscht or low-fat soup, steamed vegetable cutlets;
  • 16: 00 - afternoon snack: pie or casserole with cheese, a glass of berries with a low glycemic index;
  • 18: 00 - Dinner: roasted fish with fresh vegetables.

Eggplant for diabetes

One of the main advantages of eggplants is their low GI (glycemic index), they are 90% water. The fruit is rich in useful vitamins, microelements and dietary fiber, stimulates insulin production, which has a positive effect on the patient's pancreas. It reduces the concentration of glucose in the body, improves the balance of water and salt, strengthens the walls of blood vessels. It positively affects the mental and physical condition of diabetics, the person becomes less irritable.

eggplant for diabetes

There are many recipes for delicious cooking eggplant. To heal the body, it is not necessary to use them every day, 2 times a week is quite enough. Choose eggplants with thin skin and fewer seeds. Frying them is not recommended; cooked, stewed or baked eggplants will be much healthier.

Recipes for diabetics

"Smart" salad

Very tasty, healthy, nutritious and most importantly a festive dish.

For cooking we need:

  • frozen green beans and peas, 200 g each;
  • fresh cauliflower - 300 g;
  • 100 g apples;
  • 2 fresh tomatoes;
  • lettuce, dill and primrose;
  • lemon juice - about one and a half tablespoons;
  • 3 tablespoons vegetable oil;
  • little salt.

Cooking principle: beans, green peas, cauliflower are cooked separately in salted water. To get rid of the odor, you can add a couple of pepper peas. After cooling, be sure to remove the peppers. Cut the tomatoes into thin rings and the apples into cubes, then immediately pour lemon juice over them so that the apples do not darken.

For the sake of beauty, we install the components as follows:

  1. Place the lettuce leaves on the bottom of the plate.
  2. Arrange the tomatoes in one layer over the edge of the plate.
  3. Put the beans and cauliflower alternately in the ring.
  4. Place the peas in the middle of the plate.
  5. Put the apples on the green peas.
  6. Sprinkle the prepared salad with dill and parsley, season with vegetable oil and lemon juice.

Diabetes mellitus does not mean that you cannot eat sweet and tasty food. There are many first and second courses, allowed desserts that are healthy and very tasty, and most importantly. A balanced diet for each day will help you put together a qualified professional or nutritionist. You can easily find recipes for dishes on the Internet, the main thing is to ensure that products are used that suit your type of diabetes.